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East Coast Swing
In the 20s, 30s and 40s, swing dancing had many names including East Coast Swing, Jitterbug, and Lindy Hop. Despite there being multiple names, the dancers were all doing the same dance which was inclusive of an 8 count basic, a 6 count basic, and a Charleston basic. Then, in the 1950s, the music changed and so did the dance. Charleston and the 8 count basic were removed to match the fast triple rhythm in early rock and roll. Today, we refer to this 6 count dance as East Coast Swing.
In addition, Lindy Hop leaves lots of room for improvisation giving each dancer a style of their own. Lindy Hop is one of the few dances that can be done incredibly fast (310bpm+), incredibly slow (below 120 bpm), everything in between.
What did dancers do after they left the Savoy ballroom in the 30s? They headed to Jook Joints and house parties for the Blues. Blues dance encompasses a group of many individual dances such as Slow Drag, Struttin', and Ballroomin'. Blues music is often slower than swing music, but it isn't always. Like Lindy Hop, improvisation is extremely prevalent in blues dancing, allowing for individualized movement and expression. Solo movement is also an important component of blues dance, and often blues dancers will rock out on their own.
Balboa was born in the 1930s out of a need for a dance with a small foot print, and able to be done in intimate spaces, as the social dancing craze was taking over the country. The quick footed shuffle and slide is now done internationally, and with it's easy integration into all other Jazz era dance forms, has become a hit all over again. Pure Balboa, danced only in closed position made way for Bal-Swing, both incorporating 8 ct rhythms and extended rhythms alike.
Solo Charleston and Vernacular Jazz
Jazz-Era dancing doesn't just need to be partnered. Solo Charleston and Vernacular Jazz allowed dancers to show off individually. Historically, Charleston was done in the 1920's while the 1930's adapted these moves and called it Jazz dancing. Now, these styles are mixed together in contests and choreography and, most importantly, on the social dance floor.